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Decentralization in Mali: a constrained ”responsibility transfer“ process, by Prof Cheibane Coulibaly

For many observers, the decentralization
policy in Mali is one of the most
audacious ones in Africa, because of the
high number of institutions created:
683 new ”communes“ (in addition
to the 19 already existing), 52 ”cercles“,
8 regions and the District of Bamako.
The number of those institutions has
made the issue of authority, responsibility
and resource transfer from the central
government to all these levels central to
the decentralization process. The
following two critical questions also arise
in the meantime: What are the privileges
of the so-called traditional institutions
created by local people at the village
level (”fractions“ and ”quartiers“)
and between villages? What kind of
cooperation should exist between these
institutions and the government units?
This brief highlights the achievements
of the decentralization policy in Mali and
the constraints the latter faces. Then it
outlines some possible solutions to
address these challenges

Crédits: AK-Project