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How can we reach a million farmers with climate services?

CCAFS is building several partnerships to scale-up climate services for smallholder farmers and pastoralists across northern Tanzania.

Through working closely with farmers in pilot projects in Senegal and Kenya, our researchers have tested new ways of communicating complex climate information to farmers. Together researchers and farmers have learned that climate information can be used successfully by farmers to better manage risk under a variable changing climate. But how do we move from reaching hundreds of farmers to reaching a million ?

As we have been grappling scaling up our project activities, three things come to mind :

First, climate services that make sense for farmers at the field level rely upon locally relevant climate data. This includes historically recorded data, current observations, and future predictions, all needed at a small enough scale to be useful to farmers. To reach large numbers of farmers, national meteorological services with limited resources need tools to be able to efficiently produce locally relevant information over large areas.

Second, climate information must be able to reach remote rural communities with enough time for farmers to make use of it. Finally, meteorological services will need to work with existing support services to help access large numbers of farmers. Agricultural extension services and development NGOs need training to equip them to incorporate communication and support for climate information into the services that they already provide smallholder farmers.

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Résumé du rapport (par les auteurs) :

As adaptation to climate change is a major theme for CCAFS, the programme needs a method for monitoring and evaluating interventions intended to foster adaptation and enhance adaptive capacity across food systems. This report explored current approaches to monitoring and evaluation of climate change adaptation projects and specifically how food security outcomes are being addressed. It emerged that monitoring and evaluation of adaptation projects is fairly new, and most documents outline frameworks rather than report on specific experiences. This was particularly true for food security per se, which was not an explicit focus of many of the adaptation projects that were assessed. This made it difficult to summarize best practice and to describe the most reliable indicators for assessing impacts of adaptation interventions on food security outcomes. Consequently, in line with recent discussions within CCAFS about the goals of using monitoring and evaluation to foster adaptive management and social learning the approach was shifted toward an outcome- oriented focus. This promotes active learning from monitoring and evaluation as the programme activities are implemented.

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Crédits: AK-Project