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Quels résultats pour les financements « carbone » aux agriculteurs ? Retour sur 6 projets de financement carbone (étude CCAFS, 2012)

Quels résultats pour les financements « carbone » aux agriculteurs ? Cette étude du CCAFS (2012) présente, analyse et discute les résultats en matière de financements « carbone » aux agriculteurs obtenus dans le cadre 6 projets de financement carbone en Afrique.

- Shames S, Wollenberg E, Buck LE, Kristjanson P, Masiga
M and Biryahaho B. (2012)
. Institutional innovations in
African smallholder carbon projects
. CCAFS Report no. 8.
Copenhagen, Denmark : CGIAR Research Program on Climate
Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), 28 p.

Résumé du rapport (par les auteurs) :

This paper synthesizes the insights of six African agricultural carbon project case studies and identifies institutional innovations among these projects that are contributing to long-term project success while maximizing benefits and minimizing risk for participating farmers. We review project organization and management, the structure and role of community groups within the projects, costs and benefits for managers and farmers, strategies to manage risks to farmers, and efforts to support women’s participation. Projects have developed organizational systems for financial management, agricultural extension, and carbon monitoring. All of these were managed by project management entities, with farmers implementing practices and supporting monitoring systems. Most projects engaged farmers in small groups and larger clusters of groups, which enabled broad participation, efficient contracting, timely communication, provision of extension services, benefit-sharing, and gender-focused activities. Direct carbon payments to farmers were low. Consequently projects needed to manage expectations around benefits carefully, support more efficient systems of aggregation and ensure non-cash benefits for farmers. Managing power dynamics within and among farmer groups was a significant challenge to ensuring equitable decision-making and participation. Mechanisms for settling conflict over land and benefits were also critical. We present action research questions that emerged from the first phase of this work and discuss the future of the initiative. Case studies about each agriculture carbon project from which our analysis is drawn can be downloaded from the CCAFS website.

Mots Clefs : CLIMATE ; CARBON ; AGROFORESTRY ; SMALL FARMS

Pays concernés : ETHIOPIA, GHANA, KENYA, UGANDA

Régions concernées : AFRICA, EAST AFRICA, WEST AFRICA

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Crédits: AK-Project